In this episode, Dan provides 5 ways to move ideas into long-term memory.
5 ways to move ideas into long-term memory is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
3 Systems of Memory
- Sensory – very short 1-3 seconds
- Working – 4-8 items at a time 5-20 seconds
- Long-term – limitless capacity
- A major reason for forgetting is failure to L in the first place
- The more knowledge you have the easier it is to learn – remember we are masters and students are not!
- Long Term memory requires efficient coding & easy access
- It is easier to shift from working to long term if the content has meaning and relates to prior knowledge – The biggest predictor of what you can learn
Strategy 1: Chunking
- Chunk (group related ideas together)
- Our brain likes ideas to be ordered and structured.
- Bringing similar or related ideas together as they are presented helps students store it in their long term memory
Strategy 2: Rehearsal
- repeat, refresh, recite
- Go over the idea/s
- Provide opportunity to apply and check work, use summaries, go through flashcards etc
Strategy 3: Imagery
- Not just showing an image, though this helps
- Do a visualisation, can be as basic as visualising the numbers written on a wall
- Visual walks are used by many memory experts.
Strategy 4: Mnemonics
- They are any memory device
- Most often though for making a word that brings together multiple ideas
- eg) CRIME – chunking, rehearsal, imagery, mnemonics and elaboration
Strategy 5: Elaboration
- This is when you add meaning that clarifies the relationship between information to-be-learned and related information, i.e., a learner’s prior knowledge and experience
- We can use input information as a trigger to recall knowledge, such as the peg system where you use pre memorised words to link with new information. This is also a type of mnemonic and is easy to do by rhyming words with numbers
- eg) The peg system. 1-bun, 2-shoe, 3-tree.